By Y. Reiter
The booklet bargains with the function of Jerusalem as a valuable religious-political image, and with the approaches through which symbols of religion and sanctity are being hired in a political fight. It examines the present Islamic ethos in the direction of Jerusalem and the affinity among this non secular ethos and the political aspirations of the Palestinians and different Arab and Islamic teams. It additionally compares present Jewish and Muslim narratives and methods of denial and de-legitimizing the association of the opposite to the holy urban and its sacred shrines and addresses the query even if non secular outlook varieties an incredible barrier for reaching peace within the Israeli-Arab area.
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Extra resources for Jerusalem and Its Role in Islamic Solidarity
28 Jerusalem and Its Role in Islamic Solidarity Among those who identify the Prophet Muhammad’s Night Journey to al-Aqsa with Jerusalem, there are differences of opinion regarding the time of the Journey and of the ascension to heaven—in as much as Jerusalem was conquered after the Prophet’s death. 62 Another author, Shurab, believes that it occurred in the fifth year of Muhammad’s prophetic activity, around the year 615 CE, when the city was under Persian control. 63 The contemporary interpretation stresses the fact that the Isra’ connected the two sacred mosques in Mecca and Jerusalem, in order to underscore Jerusalem’s high status.
The third claim is that the Western Wall, the Jewish Kotel, is a Muslim holy site, the Jews’ connection to which is inauthentic, having been invented during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries for political purposes only. 21 Denial of an Authentic Jewish Connection 43 Another feature of the debate over the Jews’ historical right to Jerusalem is the presentation of demographic data according to which the Jews were a very small minority in Jerusalem during the Islamic period, from the seventh century on.
64 On October 20, 2005, when the Islamist Web forums marked the third Al-Quds [ Jerusalem] International Day on the Internet, Qaradawi said: “Allah created this inseparable connection between the two mosques . . ’ By this he aimed to show to the Muslim Umma the high importance of this mosque, in order that it would not be neglected in the future. ”68 This statement bears a political message: Saudi Arabia and the Muslim world will also be hurt if aid is not extended to the Palestinians in their struggle for Jerusalem.