Download Alcohol and Drug Problems in Women by Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.) PDF

By Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.)

Over the decade the realm has skilled a growing to be curiosity in difficulties linked to the nonmedical use of substances. This curiosity has corresponded to a true development within the quantity, range, and social effect of using alcohol and medicine in lots of societies. for this reason, the volume of analysis and writing almost about drug difficulties has tremendously elevated, and it has turn into very tough for one person to maintain with all of the proper literature. there's hence an acute want within the box for serious studies that check present advancements, and the current sequence is meant to fill this want. The sequence isn't to be an "annual overview" within the ordinary experience. the purpose isn't to hide all of the paintings pronounced through the previous yr relating to a set number of subject matters. really, it really is to offer every year evaluative papers on themes during which sufficient fresh development has been made to change the overall scope in a specific quarter. as a result of the multidisciplinary nature of difficulties of drug use and dependence, the papers released in every one quantity might be drawn from a number of disciplines. even if, a few volumes could be dedicated to one partic­ ular challenge, with person experiences and papers studying a number of points of it. The composition of the editorial board and the overseas advisory board displays those pursuits. The editors are individuals of the senior medical employees of the dependancy learn origin of Ontario.

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Additional resources for Alcohol and Drug Problems in Women

Example text

There were no significant differences be- 20 ORIANA JOSSEAU KALANT tween women and men in 15 studies; women did better than men in 5 studies, and worse than men in 3. Much the same situation applies to the possible sex differential in cessation of smoking following treatment. The belief that women do more poorly than men cannot be substantiated by a systematic comparison of published outcomes in men and women. Gritz found that out of more than 1000 articles dealing with cessation of smoking, only 30 provided separate data for men and women, and only 9 dealt with women alone.

The importance of alcohol as a causal factor is also clear in the case of accidental injury and death and in cancer of the upper digestive and upper respiratory tracts. On the basis of a review of both mortality and morbidity studies, Wilkinson concludes that overall, the prevalence of physical illness is higher in alcoholic women than in alcoholic men. " When cause-specific morbidity is considered, Wilkinson concludes that men have higher rates of heart and lung disease, while women have higher rates of some conditions affecting the central nervous system, such as the 16 ORIANA JOSSEAU KALANT Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome and dementia, and of liver disease, including hepatitis and cirrhosis.

It would be easy to provide facile explanations of the imbalance of knowledge about the two sexes, such as an assumed lack of interest in studies of females by preponderantly male researchers. However, the randomness of the research efforts suggests that there are other reasons. In experimental studies, variation caused by the estrous or menstrual cycle introduces a major complication that many investigators have sought to avoid. Experiments with males require fewer subjects and are easier to interpret because there are fewer variables involved.

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