Download Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology by S. H. Wright (auth.) PDF

By S. H. Wright (auth.)

Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology presents entire, built-in studies giving sound, serious, and provocative summaries of our current wisdom in environmental and comparative body structure, from the molecular to the organismic point. the sphere has now won the foreign prestige it merits and the association of a chain dedicated to it's very well timed in view of its real quick improvement. Biologists, physiologists, and biochemists, independently in their easy medical orientation, will locate this new sequence of significant interest.

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Br J PharmacoI78:151-158 Collins VE, Cameron DM (1984) The effects of diet and photoperiod on hibernation in the woodland jumping mouse Napaeozapus insignus. Can J Zool 62: 1938 - 1945 Cossins AR, Lee JAC (1985) The adaptation of membrane structure and lipid composition to cold. In: Gilles R (ed) Circulation, respiration and metabolism. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 543 - 552 Cossins AR, Wilkinson HL (1982) The role of homeoviscous adaptation in mammalian hibernation. J Therm BioI 7:107 -110 Cranford JA (1986) Field and laboratory annual cycles of activity and hibernation in the Uinta Basin ground squirrel (Spermophilus armatus).

It is apparent that future research endeavors should include functional assessments at the cellular, organ, or organismic level in deciphering whether the specific thermotropic behavior of a membrane enzyme or a membrane process does indeed have a functional significance in low temperature survival. In summary, based on the temperature coefficient of membrane-bound enzyme activities, physical measurements of membrane fluidity, and compositional analysis of membrane lipids, there is presently insufficient information to formulate a firm conclusion as to the role of membrane lipids in facilitating survival at low body temperature during hibernation.

On the other hand, a decrease in tissue protein with the progression of hibernation is typical for many other species: for instance, the 39% reduction in skeletal muscle, 12% in heart, and 22% in liver protein content in the hibernating golden-mantled ground squirrel (Tashima et al. 1970), and the 47070 decrease in total muscle protein in the hibernating big brown bat (Yacoe 1983 b). In the latter, liver and pectoris muscle protein synthesis and degradation are essentially ceased during torpor but rates of protein degradation increased significantly during periods of arousal (Yacoe 1983 c), indicating that tissue protein catabolism accounts for the major supply of gluconeogenic precursors in this bat.

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