By Faith Njeri Nguthi
Utilizing tissue-cultured expertise is a in all likelihood very important approach for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the scenario of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming neighborhood, this is applicable much more. The examine documented during this e-book examines the stability among required inputs and strength merits of using the tissue-cultured expertise between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, critical Kenya, utilizing a livelihood process. the implications convey that adoption of the know-how and its endured use differs in accordance with the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, significantly a water tank, inhibits adoption, regardless of HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed by way of aged ladies dominate one of the terrible families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, in a roundabout way with the feasibility of sustainable know-how adoption. The learn additionally exhibits that livelihood judgements and methods of farming families are stimulated through land tenure prestige (having identify deeds or no longer) and labour constraints on the loved ones point. The latter come up as a result of HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality
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Additional resources for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya
As noted earlier, HIV/AIDSaffected household are often unable to adopt technologies that require purchase of farm inputs as their financial capital base is depleted. Group-based lending, which is an alternative source of credit for these households, may now be challenged as affected members become a liability for the group. The micro-finance institutions involved in these group-based lending programs are also faced with the challenge of repayment and of affected clients. Second, HIV/AIDS-affected households may be excluded from such social networks due to stigmatisation.
The banana has the potential for food and livelihood security as it can both be consumed at home and sold in the market for cash. Despite the potential in banana production diseases and pests have limited production in the area and to counter this problem KARI, in collaboration with other development partners, introduced the tissuecultured banana technology. This was done by supplying tissue culture plantlets of new banana varieties that were tolerant to the prevalent disease and pest-free. 6%) may hamper adoption and utilisation of the technology.
Urban-rural migration. A fifth category not usually included in migration literature is urban-rural migration. This is becoming a common pattern in Kenya, where people mostly in their retirement ages (55 years and above) are returning to their rural homes. Some of those returning have maintained links with rural areas and have built a permanent house where their wives and children remain. Some have at times invested in the rural economies. A new category of returnees is AIDS patients who go back home to be cared for by their relatives.