Download A Typology of Verbal Borrowings (Trends in Linguistics. by Jan Wohlgemuth PDF

By Jan Wohlgemuth

The current paintings is the 1st in-depth cross-linguistic research on personal loan verbs and the morphological, syntactic and sociolinguistic features of personal loan verb lodging, investigating claims that verbs as a rule are tougher to borrow than different components of speech, or that verbs couldn't be borrowed as verbs and wanted a re-verbalization within the borrowing language.

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Extra resources for A Typology of Verbal Borrowings (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)

Example text

Interpreting instances of borrowing as evidence for genealogical relatedness. 8 Introduction A systematic explanation of the assumed differences in borrowability and the factors governing them could give important clues for the evaluation of relatedness of languages as well as for past contact situations and the prehistory of speaker communities. 2 Limits of borrowability Thus, if there are definite degrees or even limits of borrowability (either globally or for any given pair of languages), this distinction could be made much easier, since shared forms that are considered “unborrowable” would, then, be indicative of genealogical relatedness rather than language contact.

For a definition of light verb, see sec. 2, for further examples see ch. 8. (4) Greek (Modern; of migrants in the USA) [ell] < English (USA) [eng] (Moravcsik 1975: 8, 2003: 1) kani retire do:3SG retire ‘(s)he retires’ < [eng] retire The present study evaluates Moravcsik’s generalizations on verbal borrowing and adds findings from a substantially broader sample of languages. In so doing, particular attention will be paid to the issue whether verbs can indeed only be borrowed as nouns or non-verbs and whether verbs generally are inherently more resistant to borrowing than other parts of speech.

The typological and grammatical features of both the donor language and the recipient language are thus important information that needs to be available. However, one cannot determine in advance which typological features will actually turn out to be relevant, either for any given example involving a particular pair of languages or for the study as a whole.

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