By Bernd Kortmann (ed.), Tanja Herrmann (ed.), Lukas Pietsch (ed.), Susanne Wagner (ed.)
This quantity bargains qualitative in addition to corpus-based quantitative reviews on 3 domain names of grammatical version within the British Isles. All experiences draw seriously at the Freiburg English Dialect Corpus (FRED), a automatic corpus for predominantly British English dialects comprising a few 2.5 million phrases. in addition to an account of FRED and the benefits which a functional-typological framework bargains for the learn of dialect grammar, the amount contains the next 3 giant studies.
Tanja Herrmann's learn is the 1st systematic cross-regional examine of relativization thoughts for Scotland, Northern eire, and 4 significant dialect components in England. In her learn layout Hermann has integrated a couple of matters the most important in typological learn on relative clauses, especially the Noun word Accessibility Hierarchy. Lukas Pietsch investigates the so-called Northern topic Rule, a different contract phenomenon recognized from Northern England, Scotland and northern eire. His research is based mostly at the Northern eire Transcribed Corpus of Speech, but in addition at the FRED and SED info (Survey of English Dialects) for the North of britain. Susanne Wagner is anxious with the phenomenon of pronominal gender, focussing particularly at the typologically really precise semantic gender method within the dialects of Southwest England.
This quantity could be of curiosity to dialectologists, sociolinguists, typologists, old linguists, grammarians, and an individual drawn to the constitution of spontaneous spoken English.
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Extra info for A Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects, Volume 1: Agreement, Gender, Relative Clauses
9% in the present data) are to be explained by the difference in broadness between their corpus and the one used here. 9%), as well as by the total absence of archaic as. Ojanen’s findings for (South) Cambridgeshire and Poussa’s (1994, 2001) and Francis’ (1999, 2001) for Norfolk are different from the present findings in two major respects: Their frequencies of the zero marker are considerably higher, although the high number of zero subject relative clauses should be taken with caution in Ojanen’s study.
Definite interrogative pronoun which referring to a limited set: Which is your favourite conductor? ) (Quirk et al. 1985: 369) indefinite nominal pronoun what: You can take [what you want]. definite nominal pronoun which referring to a limited set: You can take [which you want]. (X or Y) By contrast, adnominal which is restricted to nonpersonal antecedents, even if it describes a definite, limited set of referents in a partitive genitive (cf. Quirk et al. 1985: 369–370; cf. also Huddleston 1984: 394).
The AH – with a few reservations – is verified for all relative clause formation strategies found in the data, including the zero relative marker strategy. From a diachronic perspective, the AH also helps to reveal the pattern underlying the way individual relative markers enter or exit an existent relative marker system. The pronoun retention strategy, however, does not necessarily follow a reversed order of syntactic positions on the AH, as claimed by Keenan and Comrie. At least resumptive pronouns in nonrestrictive relative clauses, that type of relative clause in which the majority of resumptive pronouns in the dialect data are found, thwart AH-based expectations due to their prevalence of the subject position.